Log in here for access. Did you know… We have over 220 college A type of descent group based on a claim to a founding but lacking genealogical documentation. Different theories have been proposed to account for the origin of exogamy. In such cases, every person participates in a social network outside his village to a greater extent than he associates with persons of other castes within his…, Matrilineages were traditionally exogamous—members did not marry within the same lineage. Exogamy. This lesson defines exogamy and a few of the different types of group segregation that are still observed today. Pravara exogamy: The term Pravara refers to siblings (those originating from the same saint are believed to be of the same pravara). Unilineal descent systems typically organize members of a generation into two broad groups. This type of marriage ensures there will be at least one husband at home to do what is considered "men's work." 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Thus, the exogamous family is composed of husband and wife of two different groups. Being prevalent in most of the Western world, exogamy is the rule dictating that one … Endogamy is divided into four sub types such as caste, sub-caste, varna and tribal endogamy. Khel is the name given to residents of a particular place and the people of one khel cannot inter-marry. This was done not only to increase the number of their clan but also to form allegiances with larger or more powerful groups. Such lineages may in turn be grouped into clans or moieties. Anyone can earn Inter-caste marriage is a term used in Asian and Middle- Eastern countries for a marriage where the couple are from two social groups, e.g., different races, clans or castes. 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Bilateral Descent: Definition & Variations, Incest, Endogamy & Exogamy: Definition & Examples, Bride Price, Dowry & Other Economic Marriage Customs, Plural Marriage vs. Monogamy: Definition & Types, Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification, Family of Procreation: Definition & Example, Family of Orientation: Definition & Example, Interracial Marriage: Definition, History & Laws, Biological and Biomedical Similarly exogamous marriage may be divided into four sub-types such as Gotra, Pravar, Sapinda and village exogamy. Moiety Exogamy: For example, the Korkus of Madhya Pradesh have moieties namely Raj and Pallari which are exogamous. Exogamy leads to love and sympathy b/w two opposite groups or tribes. The opposite of this concept is endogamy, or marriage within one's own social group. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. It prohibits marrying within the group. University of Manitoba - Faculty of Arts - Exogamy and Incest Prohibitions. Marriages and Its Types in Indian Society SIVA PRASATH T R [I Year MSW Pondicherry University] 3 Gotra refers to clan. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? A symbolic marriage is one that does not establish economic or social ties, e.g., a Catholic nun marrying Jesus Christ. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is EXOGAMY? This restriction is prevalent in the Munda and other tribes of Chhota Nagpur of Madhya Pradesh. Forms of exogamy: Gotra Exogamy: The Hindu practice of one marrying outside one's own gotra. Fixed-term marriages are temporary marriages that are entered into for a fixed period of time. Figures 1 and 2: Schemata drawn up by Bertin, who defines them in the following terms: The two schemata represent genealogical relations in different fashion. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. exogamy definition: 1. the fact or custom of marrying someone from outside your group: 2. the fact or custom of…. 's' : ''}}. Omissions? Likewise, the Bondos of orissa have two moieties namely Ontal (cobra) and Killo (tiger) which are exogamous. The Naga tribe of Assam is divided into khels. Corrections? In India the inter caste marriages are not socially approved and discouraged hitter also declared the marriage of Aryan and Jewish as a criminal act. Exogamy is an antonym of endogamy. Exogamous marriage or exogamy is the custom of marrying outside a specified group of people to which a person belongs. Create your account, Already registered? Similarly, someone of African-American descent may marry outside their group to decrease the chance of their children having sickle cell anemia. Exogamy is the social rule that requires an individual to marry outside a specific culturally defined social group of which she/he is a member.The universal nuclear family is always exogamous.It is even said sometimes that exogamy results from the effects of the incest prohibitions.The social group beyond which marriage is required to take place may either be a lineage … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. JAMB; JSCE; JUPEB; NECO; Post-UTME; WAEC; Top Quiz. Love and sympathy. While matrilineage membership was considered basically unalterable in some communities, actual practices probably allowed some flexibility. Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste, or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships.. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups. Learn more. Exogamy is usually defined through kinship rather than ethnicity, religion, or class. Similarly exogamous marriage may be divided into four sub-types such as Gotra, Pravar, Sapinda and village exogamy. Exogamy is a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside a social group. The importance of this foundation is to establish links between other groups. What does EXOGAMY mean? Exogamy is usually defined through kinship rather than ethnicity, religion, or class. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The types of marriage include: Take a Test. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Elizabeth Prine Pauls was Associate Editor, Anthropology and Languages, at Encyclopædia Britannica. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal In endogamous, marriages with the same families are prohibited. It is suggested that type 2 and 3 rules are applicable to American kinship whereas type 1 rules tend not to be applicable. imaginable degree, area of (1) … She was State Archaeologist of Iowa from 2002 to 2006. Selection in choice partner. These are most often the locus of exogamy; marrying a member of one’s own clan or moiety typically constitutes a form of incest. In many exogamous cultures, cross-cousins are viewed as ideal marriage partners. Dr. Alston has taught intro psychology, child psychology, and developmental psychology at 2-year and 4-year schools. Updates? Thus, the family which adheres to the rules of exogamy is known as exogamous family. (iii) Village Exogamy: Among many Indian tribes there is the practice to marry outside the village. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | In other words, in exogamous family a person is required to select his life partner from outside his/her own group. It also gives cultural and genetic reasons why this has been and may still be observed in a number of cultures. Exogamy, also known as out-marriage, is a socially accepted arrangement for marriage outside of a social group. According to Folsom, endogamous is the rule that one must marry within ones caste or group”. Genetic exogamy is favored within some groups because it decreases the likelihood of genetic defects. just create an account. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. For example, someone of Jewish descent may marry outside of their cultural endogamy to decrease the chance of their children having Tay-Sachs disease. As you finish this lesson, you should have gained the confidence to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Exogamy gives the chance of the selection of choice partner because of the vast area. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. No hereditary Diseases. The so-called blood relatives shall neither have marital connections nor sexual contacts among themselves. Some exogamous people choose to marry outside their group. There are a few other types of marriage. Exogamy: It is a rule of marriage in which an individual has to marry outside his own group. Exogamy, also known as out-marriage, is a socially accepted arrangement for marriage outside of a social group. All this can be presented in the following diagram. If you look at the history of some royal/historically known families, their lineage provides a few examples of cultural exogamy. Our next governing rule of marriage is exogamy. In the past, cultures which had smaller groups with less clan members were forced to marry outside their group.