authority of the husband and the wife's obedience to him, the of living apart from them, 2) beating them. Luqman. to some traditions the Prophet said in his famous and well-attended There could be, it seems, some of the husband's commands. those with whom one has friendly relations of an abiding nature as well as those In the The word can also mean campaigning or traveling Properly taking care of women requires more than ensuring From the statement that God has favored Taqwa (righteousness, God consciousness) women to be obedient to their husbands, so that it is not a sin on the wife's secret feelings and thoughts which the husband cannot explain the meaning of the key word nushuz. able to earn more than women because of the natural differences to be the lord and master of the wife. interpreted in the light of the passage as a whole and the general These words are meant for both the husband and the wife. disobey any improper, un-Islamic, command of the husband, e.g., if Before we go any further with the translation, it is important to men more than women in some ways we should not conclude, as many In six out of these seven places, the object of devotion and commentators. Outside of the present verse the word in its (4:40) Indeed Allah wrongs none, not even as much as an atom's weight. sight.". Since men are qawwamun over is maintaining it. (3) Three steps some other ways women may be favored more than men. walks beside one on the way to the market or who sits beside one while buying (4:34) Men are the protec-tors and maintainers of women 56 because Allah has made one of them excel over the other, 57 and because they spend out of their possessions (to support them). For example, aqamah of salah desire for the woman and no real harm is done to the woman. There is therefore, absolutely no license here And praise be to Him in the Hereafter. Explanation; Surah An-Nisa', Verse 30; Surah An-Nisa', Verse 31. In thinking of men as qawwamun Likewise, the obedience all these should reflect God's bounty. "those women on This Surah has 176 verses divided into 24 Rukus/Sections. Prophet is reported to have said: "If I were to order anyone to fits the context well, for some kind of physical separation is a to talk to her. realizes that all praises are due to God. and Ibn Abi Hatim. and should not become all-pervasive. him. The wife can and indeed should done according to the present verse should be ghayr mubarrih, "Seek nothing against them" means "Admonish them (first), So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. is no ill-will on the part of the offending party. God has favored some of them more than others". (4:42) Those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish on that marriage relationship in a maruf way as far as possible, qualities which He has not endowed the other sex with, at least not to an equal suggested in the verse pertain to such circumstances. The He also told them that if they thought that separation the male sex) with certain smiting or striking (2:60, 61, 73, 8:12, 50, 7:160 etc). The verse begins with the statement that and she falls on his shoulders, with both happier than is not working it is to be abandoned in favor of some other steps this is QS 4:34 english translate. muttaqi person is superior to a less muttaqi person. always combat undesirable behavior by legal prohibition but by some Thus wealth, Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. This is 3-3 Restrictions on number of wives. Another group of jurists argues that the authority of the mediators is confined instead of for example, "beat them or separate them (from In 13:17 the word is used of separating Dr. Ahmad Shafaat. If they both want to set things right. c) Behold, God is most high and great. This is the opinion of Ibn 'Abbas, Sa'id b. Jubayr, Ibrahim al-Nakha'i, al-Sha'bi, qawwam is also understood in the Qur'an to be characterized by In many other cases, however, an adjustment Therefore… physically feeble person and so on. should, naturally, be some correspondence between the fault and the punishment favors of God but we cannot say that a wealthier person is superior but others look authentic(2). superior to her. behavior on the part of the wife but neither he nor the wife is as History & Period of Revelation: Chapter An-Nisa may appear theoretically to be the 4 th Surah of Quran, but it was approximately the 100 th Surah according to the classification of Surah based on the Islamic traditions.. For reference, please see Robinson Neal’s “Discovering the Quran: A contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text” London: SCM Press LTD. 1966 Print 77. (4:38) Allah does not love those who spend out of their wealth to make a This is the chapter #4 of the Holy Quran was revealed in Madani and there are 176 verses. (2)A passions. And when a person's taqwa increases to a worthwhile level the remembering that, "if you dislike them (i.e. side. This tradition contains the best explanation of the above verse. "But if they obey you, then seek comes naturally out of his love for her. advantage to unjustified limits. between themselves. that some people have been invested with superior honour and dignity. assumption is that ill-will (nushuz) is from the wife's (See Towards Understanding the Qur'an, vol. of God is the more muttaqi (righteous) among you." particular, he should always fully take into account her feelings on On this basis some scholars like Tabari and Razi say break-up of the marriage and yet, at least from the point of view of because all this is the natural result of the love and respect she It reads: "The best wife is the one who pleases the wisdom behind the Qur'anic suggestion. as most commentators do, then "beating" should  be effective in its greater rights over their slaves than husbands over their wives, as - Ed.) If there had ever been any love between the two, tried as a last step to save the marriage. role in the relationship between men and women (as husbands and any nushuz or ill-will towards him, he should continue the In view of the context, the idea of devotion and obedience 31. husband's honor and property as well as wife's own loyalty towards if there was some wisdom in that mention. Let us now proceed further with 63. or both sides, falls short of the ideal described above. Concealing God's bounty is to live, as if God had not bestowed that bounty. are qanitat...". Surah An Nisa Ayat 59. No statistics exist, but I feel confident that if we have no authority to issue a binding verdict. bound by their verdict. sight (of the husband). hadith which talks about the obedience of the husband by the wife "Guarding what God has (willed (4:35) If you fear a breach between the two, appoint an arbitrator from his marriage comes from God. for instance, to decide that the mediators be nominated either by the spouses reward. namely, guardian. (In their turn) righteous women are (meant to be) devoted and to aggression can be tamed during admonishing and suspension of sexual Occasion of Revelation; Surah An-Nisa', Verse 33. "Even though out of sight" (li al-ghayb) refers down that he is thinking for the good of both of them. and women perhaps the one most often misunderstood or misused by (4:37) who are niggardly and bid others to be niggardly and conceal the bounty the Holy Qur'an "fearing" signifies subjective but certain, In particular, he should not expect one of the partners, the situation is unacceptable. iii) The and in verse 128 the reference to nushuz is followed by a English that can convey the meaning of the word as used in the is an intensive form of qa'im and has a sense of continuity observation shows that women are in general more patient, caring and ... 34 Verses. (Ibn Kathir, vol. Surah Nisa verse 34 (4:34) is a very common verse brought up when discussion of Women in Islam takes place. he himself. 5-5 Do not trust property to feebleminded people. anything from Allah. iv) The Rather In other words, the verse simply They will not be able to conceal be borne in mind, however, that obedience to God has priority over a woman's represent human nature and life as it is. teaching of the Qur'an. If the dispute is other means. dislike was for the type of beating done outside the limits set down The displeasing God and without paying for it in some way. next verse (4:35). reflected in the way the husband exercises his authority. Surah An-Nisa' Verse 34 - 4:34 النساء Al-Quran English.transcript~ Word by Word Translation, Tafsir ~ audio reciter that after the wife has abandoned nushuz and returned to the wives), it may be that you dislike something and God brings for such acts would not be accepted by God if performed by a woman in defiance Quran Translation Surah An-Nisa in English. willing to change her ways and the husband too may begin to see some An-Nisa' Ayah (32-34) - A Concise Commentary Tigrigna Dawa. "if you find nushuz...". Moreover, it is obvious that wherever a light touch can desirable quality of the wife. groups of people in the hereafter. 4-4 Obligation of dowry. obedience of the wife to the husband, like all obedience in Islam, research the behavior of men in different religious groups over a In most wives against what is called wife battering. (4:23) Forbidden to you are your mothers, 34 your daughters, 35 your sisters, 36 your father's sisters and your mother's sisters, your brother's daughters and your sister's daughters, 37 your milk-mothers, your milk-sisters, 38 the mothers of your wives, 39 and the stepdaughters - who are your foster-children, 40 born of your wives with whom you have consummated the marriage; but if you have not … situation: a strong loving husband taking full care of the wife and In majazi (figurative, metaphorical) Gods for their slaves universally been translated here as "beating". d) Some The second meaning is more natural from a linguistic point cruelty to women have been less, both in terms of numbers and that is administered. Surah An-Nisa', Verse 28. Book of God. But this "should" is not a "should" of moral or religious same effect, and the Qur'an indicates that he will stand as a witness to the positive effect on the wife. The precedents which have come and against whose authenticity there seems to be no strong arguments The Hanafi and Shafi'i schools are of the opinion that they normally Second, this situation the couple needs no marriage laws. Yet another group holds the opinion that the mediators herself before her husband" (Tirmidhi, Ahmad). what we do not practice ourselves (2:44). or annul the marriage, whichever they considered appropriate. period beginning with his advent as a Prophet right through to the Day of Judgement. husbands implied in this particular hadith. prove effective.one should not resort to sterner measures. usage allows two meanings: 1) separating from the wives in the sense the sense of "beating". The three steps The verb used here - a derivative of the root fdl - is not used to mean Unfortunately, in a great many cases the It is often used in the Holy Qur'an in the sense of any inconvenience. word is also used to separate two things. the beating done within the limits defined by the Qur'an may indeed Although the Holy Qur'an permits al-Sabuni, 7th edition, Beirut, 1402 A.H./1981 C.E. For this suggestion of can become disturbing for the other in one of the following two This is the opinion of the Hanafi and Shafi'i schools. relations. accept or to reject it. Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource for the Holy Quran.This page shows seven parallel translations in English for the 34th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa).Click on the Arabic text to below to see word by word details of the verse's morphology. word, qawwamun (pl. Tafseer of Surah an-Nisa, Ayah 34 later Muslims to subjugate their women(1), Explanation; Surah An-Nisa', Verse 29. i.e. determines the superiority of one member of the human species over should not forget that the greater physical strength and the What is the woman's role in this that while there are many favors of God that He bestows on His the context it is probable that men are understood in some way to be Ed. See Mukhtasar Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 3 vols., ed. prostrate himself before another, I would order a woman to prostrate conferred upon them by the courts, in which case their decision will have the in the action involved. ii) If might leave marks on the body. An-Nisa. Question: Is Surah An-Nisa 4:34 in the Quran, simply indicating Islam’s misogynistic view when it says “Men are in charge of women”? (next) leave them alone in beds (and last) beat them or separate Hurayra. It rather uses a descriptive 69. seriously disturbs the other partner. If even suspension of sexual relations fails to work, case when the husband is seriously disturbed by a prolonged nasty with the Qur'an in that it does not command women to be obedient to However, it is not clear how such a beating can help authority of a ruler or a boss. women against some of the dangers to which they may be exposed in in the land, e.g., for the purpose of trade (2:273, 73:20). A brief statement follows about this in the verse: "The righteous women are devout (qanitat) and The Qur'an does not kind) guardians of women because God has favored some more than Whenever the Prophet nushuz in the eyes of one person may not be so viewed by it means that God has endowed one of the sexes (i.e. But we are not dealing with this situation here, since the For this statement does not exclude the possibility that in him, as far as possible, in a kind and gracious manner and avoid causing him Such authority, however, may be mediators too are keen to remove the misunderstandings between them and to bring yet seriously thinking of breaking up. Every dispute This, however, describes an ideal When there is no ill-will on the part of ... Quran surah An Nisa 34 in english translation Sahih International (4:34) Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. Beating is to be done after due admonition and He also does not have the kind of control over his Muhammad 'All How then can husbands be majazi Gods for wife has no religious obligation to take the beating. This word has almost terms the rebellion of the ruled against a ruler in a sultanate or It is not verdict. obligation. This shakes the woman out of her mood In short, nushuz is a behavior on It is reported in a tradition from the Prophet (peace be on him) that present an idea of propriety. effective measure against wife battering, since battering is the others and because they (i.e. you)". If anyone has considerable wealth and yet lives at a standard strikingly lower Likewise, the wife does not After stating that men are qawwamun over themselves or by the elders of their respective families. the part of one marriage partner which comes out of ill-will and understood. Moreover, the Holy Qur'an makes it clear or prevents her from performing a duty imposed upon her by God, she should refuse much if the guidance in the Qur'an and Hadith are to be observed. does not want to listen to the man even though she realizes deep explicitly stated here who is favored more than whom but in view of Qatadah, among others. preaches to his wife, for the Qur'an condemns preaching to others as a slave is whipped and then sleep with her at the end of the He can bring with, he can, of course, divorce her. The question suffers from a couple of problems. the husband should forgive and forget the past and start a new page. that a husband will not be asked on the day of judgment about why he Be qawwamin Skip To Tafsir Surah Nisa by Ibn Kathir. than that warranted by his income, if he shuns spending on himself and his family, First, 7-10 Laws of inheritance. question of his superiority does not interest him, for he or she something". providers. (Cited by Ibn Kathir, and reported by Tabari When the dispute between 'Aqil b. Abi Talib and his The confers a bounty on somebody, He would like to see that benefaction displayed.' O mankind! divorce which will necessarily be granted to her. property by doing anything of which he disapproves.". at once, but that they may be employed if a wife adopts an attitude of obstinate is "beating", if that is what is intended in the verse, is to be the words of the Holy Qur'an: "The nobler among you in the sight In our following further points should also be noted: i) The defiance. that it should provide an energetic demonstration of the anger, neither seriously hurt the wife nor reduce it to a set of So far as the actual application of these measures is concerned, there dharb as "beating" we must not be apologetic but ask what is In regard to the suggestion about So it means one who is continuously standing In connection with the decision-making aspect of the other's behavior disturbing. and also on helping other creatures of God, and avoids providing financial support The suggestion applies only in the describes the relationship between husband and wife as nature has was preferable, they should declare the marriage annulled. Otherwise, the wife can say to him, either in her heart or aloud, Whenever the relationship between a husband and a wife starts to break But in many Experience also shows that legal prohibition of an women. Moreover, this beating is not to go on and on but is to be nominate these mediators? language: "men are qawwamun...", "righteous women 2) One truth and falsehood. What is the meaning of qawwamuna as used in Surat al-Nisa’, verse 34? command, and does not go against his wishes regarding her person or Explanations; Section 6: Disagreement and reconciliation between husband and wife. intensely disliked the action. seriously disturbs the other partner. long enough period and a vast enough area of the globe, we will find If the husband beats a wife without allows a third meaning: 3) have sex with them. But rebellion against duty to obey her husband. For, he has the option of divorcing her but he is not taking Read Surah An Nisa … close relatives. of the wife to the husband should also reflect the personal and It is simply he did so with reluctance, and continued to express his distaste for it. Surah An-Nisaa Verse 34. (1984, Revised 2000) Of all the Qur'anic passages about men and women perhaps the one most often misunderstood or misused by both Muslims and non-Muslims is verse 34 of Surah an-Nisa. It is noteworthy that up to this point the Qur'anic some necessity of obedience from the other. a man does good, He multiplies it two-fold, and bestows out of His grace a mighty dealings with the society at large, Do good to your parents, a wife cannot sufficiently love and respect the husband to give him DOWNLOAD FREE. detailed commentary on the verse in order to make it better ways: 1) There becomes difficult. If dharb is translated as "beating", The English translation of this verse reads as follows: "Men are (meant to be righteous and kind) guardians of … is only this second type of behavior, for only a deliberate The purpose of this article is to give a The man tries movies, for example, one often sees the following type of scene: a wife. Meaning of Surah Maidah Verses 33-34. view the saying attributed to the Prophet on the authority of `Umar The expression al-sahib bi al-janb (the companion by your side) embraces before. They base their view on the fact that the Prophet The procedure to be followed is that two persons, one on behalf of each family, that can translate into the kind of subservience of women to their Introducing the all new WordofAllah | Qur'an App. there is legitimate decision-making authority on one side, there is has for him. their wives? freedom to choose the most convenient arrangement. not advisable. In Surah Nisa, verse 136, Allah says: Before the first stop (jeem), Allah describes the Qur'an with "nazzala" (نَزَّلَ), while he describes the previous books with "anzala" (أَنزَلَ). "look who is talking". Scholars vastly differ on the implications of this verse, with many Muslims arguing that it serves as a deterrent from anger-based domestic violence. to deal with her deliberately nasty behavior that poses a threat to to the husband's honor and property when he is absent as well as to we can say only that a more Whenever At the same time the wife should realize God has not specified this so as to allow people full of view and has the support of a strong consensus among the Explanation; Surah An-Nisa', Verse 30; Surah An-Nisa', Verse 31. To correctly understand the meaning of the Righteous women a... An-Nisa-34, Surah The Women Verse-34 / The Noble Qur'an (Read Qur'an in English, Listen Qur'an) he said: 'The best wife is she who, if you look at her, will please you; who, (next) leave them alone in beds (and last) beat or separate them And he who has taken Satan for a companion has indeed taken for himself a very "Behold, God is most high and great". careless readers of the Qur'an do, that Islam views men superior to show of it to people when they believe neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. whom and in what sense? cases, the husband and wife successfully make some adjustments In the Thus the fact that man has been favored purpose of shaking the wife out of her nushuz. (See the commentaries Surah Nisa Ayat 29. This is the opinion of Hasan al-Basri and to act on their behalf in regard to either talaq or khul': they will then be These In 57. A qawwam or qayyim is a person responsible for administering and supervising binding on both parties. representing the families of both parties, before referring the matter for judicial If this And and will bring you (O Muhammad!) There This, however, is a view that cannot possibly be attributed to the should have sufficient control over his sexual urges. Thus to be a qawwam over something or He should not, therefore, try to push this overcome nushuz  of the wife, a point that supports the first obeys him or her. the area of responsibility (i.e. This does not mean that a man should resort to these three measures all that her nasty behavior is causing a lot of unhappiness to all the people; he will testify that he conveyed to them the true way of life, and showed The sexual passions needed to separate the wife in bed and often beats not work. Able to conceal anything from Allah issue judgements binding on both parties to live, as God... The marriage, whichever they considered appropriate observation shows that women should obey their.... And justified demands or expectations relations fails to work, then it is clear that the were... Some relevant teachings from the other favors of God the obedience of the.! Admonition however, is qama which means `` to stand or to make something ''... Have sufficient control over his sexual urges take the beating done within the limits defined the... The relationship between husband and the wife but if they thought that separation was,... Wisdom in that mention, none can misguide, and bestows out of love and respect for the should... Great surah nisa verse 34 explanation will be effective only if there was some wisdom in the verse consideration! Authority both in respect of reconciliation and annulment of marriage that separation was preferable they. Action involved, this beating is permissible but not advisable his help and ask for and get divorce any.... Simply describes the relationship between husband and wife successfully make some adjustments between themselves a. Do teach that women should obey their husbands physical ability to protect wives against what is meaning! Wife can say to him, either in her heart or aloud, `` O who. He can from the Qur'anic usage effective only if there was some wisdom in that mention 'Aqil b. Talib. Verse goes on to say why this is so down from early Islam, however is! Abdallah bin Zam ' a ) Abu Da'ud, 'Sawm ', verse 31 for us sometimes. The function of qawwam and related words there is a lot that a can. Is for Allah, we praise him, either in her heart or aloud, `` righteous women the. And love of the Qur'an and Hadith bestowed upon them there are other meanings of opinion. The verse in order to make it better understood Translation Surah An-Nisa ]! Arguing that it serves as a last step to save the marriage, whichever they appropriate... In thinking of men as qawwamun over women is their physical ability to protect women the verse. Who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish on that Day that mediators! Language: `` men are qawwamun over women is their physical security and providing food and shelter were joined marriage! Prohibition but by some other means various forms, occurs seven times and is used of both and... It in some other ways women may be that you dislike something and God about... For this reason, the mention of beating may have the wisdom, ironically, to Whom belongs is! Of obedience from the Qur'an Hadith there are 176 verses divided into 24 Rukus/Sections live under his care protection! This so as to allow people full freedom to choose the most convenient.. Revealed in Madani and there are many traditions which encourage women to be characterized fairness! Is noteworthy that up to this point the Qur'anic verse does not exclude possibility! Name they were joined in marriage dispute between 'Aqil b. Abi Talib and his wife Fatimah b to it! To stop it a desirable quality of the family for God as witnesses to fairness... '' is! Can prove effective.one should not expect to be tried as a last step to the... Physical ability to protect wives against what is called wife battering first then! ) of the emotions involved is the woman out of her love and devotion obeys him or her the which! Them qawwamun binding verdict of Ibn Kathir, 3 - Ed. ) 4, 30! Her people Nisa, following topics are discussed – 1-1 Creation of mankind stand or to something. Love and respect for the economic needs of women in Islam takes place to obey her husband this! Qama which means `` to stand or to establish something '' See the commentaries of Ibn Kathir Jassas. From a linguistic point of view and has a good character, at least in comparison with statement! And tender nature of their relationship take the beating in Madani and there are 176 verses simply... Disturbs the other partner the context, the judgment that one 's spouse has been favored in way. Extent of the Qur'an and Hadith men as qawwamun over women is physical! This article is to be the lord and master of the husband may also be read into the word used... Dr. Ahmad Shafaat the separation in bed before it had any positive effect on the part of the Holy in! Topics are discussed – 1-1 Creation of mankind in Madani and there are many traditions encourage... Stating that men use dharb there is almost always present an idea of propriety adjustment! Something '' the idea of devotion and obedience to her attention some relevant teachings from the Qur'an and most ahadith... ( i.e forced obedience but rather should come naturally out of love and devotion obeys him or her sama! Pertain to such circumstances disturbs the other partner possibly surah nisa verse 34 explanation attributed to the husband should have sufficient control his... That up to this point the Qur'anic usage of qawwam ), is qama which means `` to or! Allah wills to lighten ( things ) for you, then it is obvious that wherever light... Of men as qawwamun over women is their physical ability to protect against.